I was so upset with what was going on in the world. I just couldn’t stand the idea of being people tortured and that we even had such a thing as war. I hated the older generation, who had not done anything about it. Punk was a call-to-arms for me. (Vivienne Westwood)
The punk subculture, which centres on punk rock music, includes a diverse array of ideologies, fashions and other forms of expression. The subculture is largely characterized by anti-establishment views and the promotion of individual freedom.
Punk rock was an intentional rebuttal of the perceived excess and pretension found in mainstream culture, and early punk artist’s fashion was defiantly anti-materialistic. Generally unkempt, often short hairstyles, dirty and simple clothes : T-shirt, jeans, leather jacket, second-hand “dress” clothes were preferred over the expensive or colorful clothing popular in the disco scene, like Ramones and Patti Smith‘s styles.
In the United Kingdom, a great deal of punk fashion from the 1970s was based on the designs of Vivienne Westwood and Malcolm McLaren, mainstream punk style was influenced by clothes sold in Malcolm McLaren’s shop “Sex“.
Punk visual art is artwork associated with the punk subculture. It often graces punk rock album covers, flyers for punk concerts, punk zines and punk websites. The main aesthetic of punk visual art seems to be to either shock, create a sense of empathy or revulsion. One characteristic associated with punk art is the usage of letters cut out from newspapers and magazines, a device previously associated with kidnap and ransom notes. A prominent example of that style is the cover of the Sex Pistols’ Never Mind the Bollocks album designed by Jamie Reid.